Oldfield, Sara (comp.)(1997). Cactus and Succulent Plants - Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Cactus and Succulent Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. 10 + 212 pp.
Chapter 4. Action Proposals
105) Creation of reserves in eastern Brazil.The most serious conservation problem in Brazil at present is the almost complete lack of federally-run reserves to protect the rare and endemic terrestrial succulents from the dry parts of north-east and south-east Brazil, and from the rocky east Brazilian Highlands, which rise out of the dry zone.
a) Rio Jequitinhonha valley, middle section (i.e. Araçuaí to Jacinto), north-eastern Minas Gerais. One of the most important areas needing protection amongst the southern caatinga-agreste vegetation zone where a remarkably rich assortment of endemic and potentially threatened cactus species exists.
b) Rio de Contas, Mun. Maracás, Bahia, just east of Porto Alegre on the north bank. Here lies a comprehensive range of southern caatinga cacti, including the rare Espostoopsis dybowskii.
c) São Francisco River valley with its deep soils and Bambuí limestone outcrops hosts two potential sites (especially for Bombacaceae and columnar Cactaceae):
i) massive raised outcrop south of the town of Iuiú on the east bank of the river (Bahia) hosting some spectacular bottle-trees of Cavanillesia and Ceiba as well as two very local endemics (Facheiroa estevesii, Opuntia estevesii) restricted to the rock itself,
ii) west side of the river where further endemics, such as the Micranthocereus dolichospermaticus and Facheiroa cephaliomelana, are located.
Locations where new protected areas are needed to assist the conservation of the rare cacti of eastern Brazil, including the CITES Appendix I cactus taxa, are as follows:
a) Serra Dourada (Goiás),
b) arenitic outcrops 20-25 km west of Morro do Chapéu (Bahia),
c) southern end of the Serra Chapada and associated cerrado (27-28 km W of Seabra, BA),
d) quartzitic outcrops at Brejinho das Ametistas (S BA),
e) Serra Geral c. 12-15 km east of Monte Azul (Minas Gerais),
f) Serra Geral with white sand cerrado 12 km east of Mato Verde (MG),
g) Serra Bocaina (N of Grão Mogol, MG),
h) cerrado and mountains around Grão Mogol itself,
i) Serra do Cabral (MG),
j) western slopes of the Serra de Minas east of Santa Bárbara (Mun. Augusto de Lima, MG),
k) one or more sites in the vicinity of Diamantina (MG),
1) Serra Negra between Itamarandiba and Rio Vermelho (MG),
m) Serra do Caraça (Mun. Santa Bárbara, MG)
Extension of the Parque Nacional Chapada Diamantina, Bahia slightly to its west, to include a second population of the remarkable Arrojada bahiensis.
Field survey to investigate the feasibility of recommending protected areas for rare and probably vulnerable (but inadequately studied) species of Rhipsalideae from the region of Rio de Janeiro such as Rhipsalis cereoides, R. mesembryanthemoides, and Schlumbergera orssichiana.
106) Monitoring of epiphytic cacti in the Atlantic Coastal Forest. Monitoring by local scientists of the status and level of protection afforded to epiphytic cacti at the following sites:
a) Parques Nacionais da Floresta da Tijuca and da Serra dos Orgãos (RJ),
b) Parques Estaduais de Ilha Grande (RJ), de Ibitipoca (MG), de Campos do Jordão and de Picinguaba (SP),
c) Reservas Biológicas de Poço das Antas, de Paranapiacaba, da Juréia, Ilhabela, and that proposed for the Serra do Japi (SP).